Bengal art is an emblem of enriching creativity and extravagance. Pattachitra is one such aspect of rich Bengal art forms. One of the striking characteristics of Bengal art is its indigenous method, use of country products and depiction of rural life. These are created by people of remote villages even now. Modern machineries and factories may increase the production amount but can’t create what is there in those original creations. Similarly, Pattachitra originated in the villages of West Bengal and Orissa. Patta means cloth and Chitra means painting. So the term etymologically means a painting on scroll cloth. The paintings themselves are a symbol of innocence and purity.


To discuss the form’s popularity, it is indeed global. It has expanded itself with its fantastic use of chromes and storytelling technique. The Pattachitra has several aspects like Durga Pat, Chalchitra, Tribal Pattachitra, Kalighat Pattachitra etc. Each has its own speciality and motif. Most of the paintings depict mythological stories of lord Krishna. It envisages the romance of Radha Krishna. On the contrary Tribal pat explains the earthly lifestyles of the tribal community. The tales are however, not only narrated through the paintings but also through performance. The painter-performer, sequentially uses the series of painting and narrates the story in fairs, exhibition or in any kind of festive occasion.


It gains impetus of creation through these paintings and the hidden tribal cultures get recognition amidst the so called civilized society. The form these days is not only bound within a cloth painting meant for decoration purpose but also for fashion purpose and even for accessories. The main characteristic of this art is its use of vibrant colours. Predominantly blue, green and red are used in such paintings. Nature and its bonding with human beings add rainbow colours to the paintings as the patuas extract the colours from the roots, flowers, fruits, and the leaves and from other such things that belongs to the nature.

So, it may be said that besides its extravagance, multifarious use and style, Pattachitra gained popularity even because of its simplicity and rural touch; but most importantly because the artists had believed in this art form had passed it on from one generation to another. The artists from remote villages of West Bengal create with a zeal to flourish the tribal culture, mythological stories and even certain rituals to get due prominence.